This year marks the 20th anniversary of the adoption of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 on "Women, Peace and Security". This groundbreaking resolution addresses for the first time the impact of conflict on women and girls.
In addition, the importance of equal and full participation of women as active participants in peace and security efforts is stressed.
The “Women, Peace and Security” agenda, which consists by now of 10 UNSC-resolutions, highlights that women are not passive victims but active actors with multi-layered roles in conflicts. Women are survivors, women secure the existence of their families during and after conflicts, women are peace activists, women are members of armed groups. The agenda calls for a strong gender perspective! The agenda demands a strong gender perspective! For this to succeed, the voices and influence of women in conflict prevention, peace negotiations and post-conflict peacebuilding must be taken into account.
In order to implement Resolution 1325, the German government adopted the National Action Plan 2017 - 2020 (NAP II). Germany is currently elaborating its third National Action Plan 1325 (NAP III) which is supposed to be passed in March 2021.
In order to shed light on the different roles women take on during armed conflict, the BMZ has financed the project “From Female Combatants to Post-War Democratic Leaders” implemented by Berghof Foundation. Using a participatory research approach, the project has produced the booklet and short film “I have to speak” in which female ex-combatants from diverse political, religious, ethnic and national backgrounds in Aceh (Indonesia), Mindanao (Philippines), Nepal and Burundi share their stories.